While Michigan has its own laws on drug crimes, federal law also addresses certain drug crimes. When it comes to federal drug crimes, the penalties one may incur depend on what “schedule” the drug falls under. The following is a brief overview of federal drug scheduling laws.
Schedule I drugs are those that do not have an acceptable medical purpose and have a high potential for abuse. Some examples of Schedule I drugs under federal law include heroin, LSD and ecstasy, among others. It is important to note that under federal law, marijuana is also a Schedule I drug.
Schedule II drugs are those with a high potential for abuse and could possibly lead to severe dependence. Schedule II drugs under federal law include some prescription drugs obtained without a valid prescription such as Vicodin and Ritalin, as well as drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine, among others.
Schedule III drugs include those that have a moderate to low potential for dependency. This potential is not as great as that associated with Schedule I or Schedule II drugs, but it is greater than Schedule IV drugs. Schedule III drugs include steroids and Tylenol with codeine, among others.
Schedule IV drugs include those with a low potential for abuse and dependency. Some examples of Schedule IV drugs include Xanax and Valium, along with other drugs obtained without a valid prescription.
Schedule V drugs include those that have a lower potential for abuse than other schedules of drugs. Some examples of Schedule V drugs include cough syrup and other prescription and over-the-counter medications.
The penalties for Schedule I drugs are more severe than other schedules, and the penalties for Schedule V drugs are the least severe. However, that does not mean that these drug crimes are not serious. Federal prosecutors will not hesitate to take swift and decisive action against those accused of drug crimes. Thus, if you are accused of a federal drug crime it is essential to seek the help necessary to develop a solid defense strategy.